The Omo Valley of Ethiopia, a place where Mankind probably first began, our original Home. Also known as one of the cradles of humanity, it is home to a diversity of tribes for centuries. The Gibe III Dam in the Omo Valley has threatened traditional life in the region since its construction began in 2008. The Dam was projected to provide Ethiopia a significant surplus of electricity, which it would sell to neighbouring Kenya, Sudan, and Djibouti generating millions of dollars every year. The Ethiopian government came under fire for approving construction of the Dam despite environmental and cultural impact reports that projected potentially disastrous consequences for indigenous residents in the Omo Valley and Lake Turkana region, both of whom rely on the seasonal flooding of the river for their livelihoods. Since the Dam’s construction, the Omo River has not flooded and satellite imagery has shown that the lake’s shoreline has receded by as much as 1.7 kilometers and its water level has dropped by approximately 1.5 meters. The Dam also supports new plantations of water-intensive crops, which have resulted in the forced relocation of an estimated 260,000 people from 17 ethnic groups. Human rights groups have expressed concerns that inter-ethnic conflict may increase as communities compete for scarce resources.